August 31, 2017
- Wash your hands “The best way to prevent infections is good hand washing,” notes pediatrician Frank Esper, MD. Warm, soapy water is best. Teach younger kids to scrub until they finish singing the entire alphabet song, and teach older kids to count to 20 before rinsing.
- Don’t share This may seem antithetical to one of life’s golden rules, but it’s important to teach kids not to share personal items, such as water bottles, earbuds, hats, brushes and lip balms.
- Cover sneezes and coughs Sneeze and cough into the crook of your elbow or a tissue – not your hands, says. Dr. Esper. And be sure to wash your hands afterward.
- Keep your hands off your face Younger kids especially display some questionable habits when it comes to touching their faces. Teach them to keep their fingers out of their mouths, noses and ears.
- Skip the water fountain Pack water bottles for your kids if their schools allow it. If not, teach them to use the water fountain without putting their mouths on the spigot.
- Eat your veggies... …and your fruit, too. A nutritious diet can give young immune systems a healthy boost.
- Get a good night’s sleep Sleep keeps kids’ immune systems healthy and strong. According to the CDC, children age 10 to 17 need 8.5 to 9.5 hours of sleep; children age 5 to 10 need 10 to 11 hours of sleep; and children age 3 to 5 need 11 to 13 hours of sleep.
- Get the flu shot The single best way to protect your kids from influenza is vaccination. Be sure your children get their annual flu shot.
- Stay home Sick kids should not go to school. Their weakened immune systems may make them vulnerable to even more germs – and they need to avoid infecting their classmates. Dr. Esper points out that it is especially important to keep kids home when they have a fever: “When you have a fever, you have the highest number of germs in the body and thus are more likely to infect others.”